/Tag:S Corp

S Corporation Election Deadline Is Almost Here: What Startups And Existing Businesses Need To Know

If you’ve legally established your business as a C Corporation or Limited Liability Company (LLC) that has elected to be viewed as a corporation for tax purposes, you have the option of filing IRS Form 2553 to get S Corporation tax treatment.

Why would you want to do so, you ask? Because it could make a big impact on your business’s bottom line.

The Potential Advantage for LLCs

LLC owners who find themselves with a high self-employment tax burden might benefit from choosing the S Corp election. LLCs are normally taxed like sole proprietorships—with all business profits subject to self-employment taxes. With S Corp tax treatment, self-employment taxes are only applied to wages and salaries rather than on all business profits.

The Potential Advantage for C Corporations

C Corporations can benefit from S Corp election because it avoids the costly double taxation C Corps normally face.

As a completely separate entity from its owners, a C Corp essentially pays taxes twice on its income:

1) When the corporation makes money, it files a tax return and pays taxes on those profits, and

2) If the corporation distributes profits to shareholders, those distributions get taxed again on the shareholders’ personal tax returns.

If a C Corporation opts to be treated as an S Corp for tax purposes, however, the business itself doesn’t file its own taxes. Instead, shareholders report their individual shares of the business’s profits and losses on their own personal tax returns.

For instance, if you’re an S Corporation shareholder with 50 percent ownership of the business, you would pay taxes on 50 percent of the profits. That income would be taxed as a profit distribution, and you might get a favorable tax rate. Note that you would also pay taxes on any income you received as wages and salaries (and that portion of your income would be subject to self-employment taxes).

Ultimately, the advantage of filing for S Corporation tax treatment comes from the fact that the corporation doesn’t pay taxes on its profits—all profits flow through to the individual shareholders’ tax returns.

Heads Up: The S Corporation Election Deadline Is Approaching

To make the S Corp election, you need to file Form 2553. If you want the election to be effective in the next tax year, you can file at any time during the tax year prior. If you’re filing in the year you want it to be effective, you must do so no more than two months and 15 days after the beginning of the tax year. According to the IRS, the “2-month period begins on the day of the month the tax year begins and ends with the close of the day before the numerically corresponding day of the second calendar month following that month. If there is no corresponding day, use the close of the last day of the calendar month.”

For existing C Corporations and LLCs, you have until March 21 to take the S Corp election for 2017.

New companies have 75 days from the date of their incorporation to file Form 2553. If they meet that deadline, they’ll receive S Corp tax treatment starting in their first tax year.

IRS Form 2553 provides additional detail about the filing deadlines and other important information, including S Corporation election eligibility restrictions.

Time Is Of The Essence For 2017

If you’re considering the S Corporation election for 2017, I recommend talking with a tax advisor to determine the potential impact it will have on your businesses tax obligations. If you find it is a great fit for your business, contact CorpNet as soon as possible to take care of filing your Form 2553 so you have the peace of mind it’s completed accurately. There’s still time (but not much!) to get it done before the deadline.

By | March 2nd, 2017|Other|0 Comments

Filing an LLC – FAQ

We are excited to bring you another post in our monthly FAQ series! This month, our CEO Nellie Akalp is answering questions about one of the hottest entity types for small businesses – the LLC. What are the requirements of filing an LLC? What are the benefits? Read on to find out!

Q: What are the benefits of forming an LLC?

A: In an LLC, the owner’s personal assets are shielded from business liabilities just as they would be in a corporation. In addition, the IRS views the LLC as a “disregarded entity.” Thus, an LLC does not file separate taxes; company profits and losses flow through to the owners and are subject to each owner’s individual tax rates. The LLC is great for a business that wants liability protection, but seeks minimal formality. It’s also the perfect structure for a business with foreign owners since anyone (C Corp, S Corp, another LLC, a trust, or an estate) can be an owner of an LLC.

Q: Do I need to prepare an Operating Agreement to form an LLC?

A: You’re not required to create an operating agreement in order to form an LLC, but in many states you will be required to keep an operating agreement at your place of business to maintain your corporate compliance. And even if your state does not require a formal operating agreement, it can be an important document to help clarify verbal agreements between owners and prevent misunderstandings.

Q: What is an Operating Agreement?

A: The Operating Agreement is an official contract that spells out the management and ownership of the LLC. It can outline details like how much of the company each member owns, everyone’s voting rights; how profits and losses should be distributed among the members; and what happens when someone wants to leave the business.

Q: Do I need to submit my LLC’s Operating Agreement?

A: You’re not required to submit a formal operating agreement to the state or any other entity. But, most states do require that an LLC has an operating agreement in place and kept at their place of business.

Q: Are there any differences between how an LLC and S Corporation are taxed?

A: Both the LLC and S Corporation can be taxed on a pass-through basis; taxes aren’t paid on the entity level, but at the individual owner level. Profits and losses are passed through and reported on the individual’s tax return. While both LLCs and S Corporations are pass-through entities, there are a few differences.

One difference is that the income of an LLC flows to the members involved with the business and is subject to self-employment tax. With an S Corporation, only salaries are subject to self-employment tax; any distributions that are paid out to members are not subject to self-employment tax.

Another key difference is that the LLC offers a lot more flexibility in terms of how owners can be taxed. With the S Corporation, owners must be taxed based on their pro rata ownership interests; if you own 50% of the business, then you’re taxed on 50% of the company’s profits. With an LLC, owners can determine their allocations for the year and be taxed accordingly.

Q: Can one person form an LLC?

A: Yes, all states allow one member LLCs.

Q: Does an LLC have stockholders?

A: No. LLCs are not permitted to issue stock in any state. Only corporations (C- or S-Corporations) can issue stock.

Q: How is an LLC structured?

A: LLCs have members – these are the owners of the LLC and are similar to stockholders in a corporation. Members typically receive an ownership stake in the LLC commensurate with their investment (either financial investment or ‘sweat equity’). In addition, members choose a manager to manage the LLC – this position is similar to a director of a corporation. A manager can be a member or could be someone from outside the LLC.

Q: Does an LLC need to hold an annual meeting?

A: No state requires an LLC to hold an annual meeting. This is one of the benefits of the LLC – it has fewer formalities than a corporation. However, if your LLC’s operating agreement requires an annual meeting (or other meetings), then you’ll need to hold such meetings in order to stay compliant. Many owners choose to make meetings optional in the operating agreement.

Q: What’s the difference between an LLC and PLLC?

A: In many states, licensed professionals, such as lawyers, doctors, architects, and accountants, aren’t allowed to form LLCs. Instead, these professionals can form a PLLC (Professional Limited Liability Company). One of the key differences between an LLC and PLLC is that members of the PLLC must be licensed professionals, and you’ll need to show proof of a valid license to register the PLLC. In most cases, members of a PLLC are personally liable for their own malpractice claims, but aren’t personally liable for another professional’s malpractice claims.

Do you need help registering an LLC or have a questions regarding the process? Call the CorpNet.com team today for a free business consultation at: 888.449.2638

Setting Up a Corporation – FAQ

Happy November! We are excited to bring you another post in our monthly FAQ series!

When starting a business, one of the first questions an entrepreneur must ask themselves is, “What entity type should I register?” Here at CorpNet, we are often asked to explain the differences between a C Corporation and an S Corporation, how to file a corporation, and even, “What is a corporation?” In this month’s FAQ post, our CEO Nellie Akalp answers all your burning questions about corporations!

Q: What is a C Corporation

A: A C Corporation is a standard corporation. It is considered a separate entity from its owners. This means that the corporation is responsible for any of its debts and liabilities. This is often called the “corporate shield” as it protects the owner’s personal assets from debts and liabilities of the business.

A corporation has a formal structure consisting of shareholders, directors, officers and employees. Every corporation must select at least one person to serve on its board of directors and officers are required to manage the day-to-day activities of the company.

As a separate business entity, a corporation files its own tax returns. As a C corporation owner, you’ll need to file both a personal tax return and a business tax return. In some cases, this can result in a “double taxation” burden for small business owners (see the question on double taxation below for more details).

Q: How do I create a C Corporation? 

A: To create a C Corporation, you’ll need to file the proper formation documents, typically called the Articles of Incorporation or Certificate of Incorporation, with your state’s secretary of state agency. You will also need to pay the necessary state filing fees. If you incorporate with CorpNet, you simply need to complete the online order form (or give us a call!). We’ll prepare the necessary paperwork and file it with the state.

Q: Who can form a C Corporation? 

A: There really aren’t any restrictions on who can form a C Corporation. Some states do require that the directors of a corporation are 18 and older, but there aren’t any age, residency, or other legal requirements for who can form a C Corporation. Keep in mind that the IRS places several restrictions on who can elect S Corporation status.

Q: What organizational roles are required in a C Corporation?

A: C Corporations have three groups: shareholders, directors, and officers. Shareholders own the C Corporation (via their shares of stock), yet the shareholders typically don’t manage the company. Shareholders do elect and remove directors, and can vote on major corporate issues.

The board of directors manages the affairs of the C Corporation, and can appoint and oversee officers. It’s the officers who are responsible for the day to day management of the corporation.

It’s possible to be a shareholder, director, and officer. In fact, in most states, you can be the sole shareholder, director, and officer for your C Corporation.

Q: What’s the minimum number of directors required for my C Corporation?

A: Most states allow just one director for a C Corporation, but you can have more. In some states, the minimum number of directors depends on the number of shareholders.

Q: What is double taxation?

A: Income earned by a C corporation is typically taxed at corporate income tax rates. Then, after the corporate income tax is paid, any distributions made to stockholders are taxed again as dividends on the stockholders’ personal tax returns. This is often called “double taxation” since corporate profits are first taxed on the corporation and then dividends are reported on the individual stockholder’s return.

Q: What is the difference between a C Corporation and S Corporation?

A: C Corporations are subject to double taxation as described above. A C Corporation entity is required to pay tax at the corporate level. An S Corporation is considered a pass-through entity for tax purposes. This means that the company’s profits and loss are passed through to the individual shareholder’s tax return (and each shareholder is typically taxed on the company’s profits based on their share of stock ownership).

Q: What are the benefits to forming a C Corporation compared with an S Corporation?

A: A C Corporation can offer greater tax flexibility. In addition, if you’ll be keeping the profits within company (as opposed to distributing dividends to shareholders), then the C Corporation can shield shareholders from direct tax liability.

Q: Can I form a Corporation with just one person?

A: Yes. A Corporation can have just one shareholder. Keep in mind that even if you’re the sole shareholder, you will still need to comply with corporate formalities such as director and shareholder meetings, and keeping meeting minutes.

Q: If I have multiple businesses, what’s the best way to legally structure them?

A: There are three different ways to structure multiple businesses. There are advantages and disadvantages for each approach – and the best structure will depend on your personal situation.

  • You can file an LLC or corporation for each of your businesses. This approach isolates the risk to each individual business, but involves maintenance fees and paperwork for each of the LLCs/corporations.
  • You can file one LLC or corporation, and then set up multiple DBAs (Doing Business As) for each of the other businesses. With this approach, you just need to pay your annual LLC/corporation maintenance fees for the LLC/corporation (and not each individual DBA). However, each DBA isn’t protected from the other DBAs. So if one DBA is sued, all the other DBAs under the main LLC/corporation are liable.
  • In the third approach, you can create individual Corporations/LLCs for each of your businesses and put them under one main holding Corporation/LLC.

Q: What is your Express Filing Service?

A: It’s a way to reduce your formation filing timeframe and get your corporation set up faster – sometimes as fast as 24 hours or even the same day! To understand the express filing timeline, it’s important to understand there are two different processing times: CorpNet and the state.

With the Express Filing Service, we’ll process your documents the same day (if submitted, Monday through Friday, before 4 pm PST). Depending on your state, we’ll hand deliver, fax, or send your documents via courier – whatever your particular state/county allows as the fastest option.

Then, the state office is instructed to process your filing as an expedited filing. State processing time estimates vary by state, and not all states support expedited filings. When you fill out your incorporation package online, you will see if the expedited service is available in your state and what the state’s estimated processing times are.

Do you need help registering a corporation or have a questions regarding the process? Call the CorpNet.com team today for a free business consultation at: 888.449.2638

                               

Fall Tips To Help Your Business Have A Strong End-Of-Year Finish

Although most of the year has already passed and we’re now into the autumn season, don’t panic if your business has fallen a little bit behind on its goals. It’s not too late make changes that can help lead to a strong finish in 2016.

Whether you’ve just started your business or have been running yours for years, the key is to take action sooner rather than later—and to focus on efforts that will improve your bottom line now and into 2017.

 

  1. Nurture Customer Relationships.

If you’ve fallen out of touch with some customers, now’s the time to reconnect. Just be careful to do so with their best interests at heart, so you don’t come across as desperate or pushy. One easy way to start conversations is by emailing them an interesting article that has information they can benefit from. I recommend reaching out to each select customer individually rather than in a mass email. By personalizing your communications, you’ll make them feel special—and more engaged in revisiting the status of your business relationship.

Also, consider putting a formalized customer relationship management process in place, so there’s a method (rather than madness) in how you follow up with customers after certain actions, transactions, or lack of activity. A number of customer relationship management systems (at varying price points) are out there that can help you track customer activity and automate personalized communications.

A little goodwill and top of mind awareness can go a long way in generating more sales, so it pays to check in with customers regularly to show you care.

 

  1. Upsell, Upsell, Upsell!

Why would you not seize the opportunity to sell more products or services to the customers who have shown they’re raving fans of your brand? If you haven’t been sending emails or postcards or calling loyal customers with information about your other products and services, you’re missing sales opportunities.

Afraid you’ll seem pushy? You don’t have to fear that if you approach customers with the intention of helping them solve a problem or benefit in some way. As I mentioned before, showing you care fosters goodwill and can generate sales as a result.

 

  1. Streamline Your Administrative Activities.

Take a moment to review your administrative processes and discover where you might have excessive paperwork, duplicate work, and bottlenecks that are slowing down productivity. From accounts payables to billing to project management to customer data entry, look for ways to save time by streamlining tasks.

 

  1. Keep Spending In Check.

Although you should always be cognizant of your business’s spending habits, it’s especially critical now if you’re behind schedule on reaching your financial goals for the year. Look closely at your costs, and zero in on the “must haves” versus the “nice to haves” so you can cut out unnecessary expenses. Lowering costs has a direct impact on your profit and loss statement, so if even if you ignore all other suggestions, pay attention to this one!

 

  1. Make Sure You’ve Met Your Business Compliance Requirements.

Rather than discover you’ve dropped the ball, check to make sure all your t’s are crossed and i’s are dotted now regarding your business compliance responsibilities. If required, have you filed your initial and/or annual report and complied with your business license and permit obligations? Corporate compliance services like those from CorpNet can help you ensure you’re up to date and won’t be hit with penalties. Best of all, when the New Year begins, you’ll be able to focus on activities that will drive revenue rather than put out fires.

 

  1. Think Ahead About Your Business’s Direction.

Whether you’re just starting your business or planning to close it, taking care of matters before the end of the year offers some potential advantages.

If you plan to launch your business in 2017, you can avoid becoming over-stressed during the busyness of the New Year by taking advantage of CorpNet’s delayed formation filing process. It allows you to submit your formation paperwork before the end of the year, but make the effective date of your business the first of the year.

If you know you’ll be closing your business in the near future, you might consider taking care of filing for dissolution now. Doing so before year-end might help you avoid paying additional taxes and penalties.

 

Move Your Business Forward This Fall—And In The Future

Also, think proactively about what you can do to succeed in 2017. All of the things I mentioned earlier will help, but also consider reviewing your choice of legal structure for your business. By making a change to an LLC, S Corporation, or C Corporation, you have the opportunity to gain liability protection and possibly some tax advantages, as well.

By putting more effort into your customer relationships, running your business more efficiently and cost effectively, and paying attention to compliance requirements, you’ll be taking positive steps toward a strong finish in 2016 and a successful start to 2017.

Back to Basics: LLC or Corporation? Which Is The Better Choice For Your Business?

Both forming an LLC and incorporating your business safeguard you by protecting your personal assets if legal action is taken against your business. They also give your business a boost of credibility by having either “LLC” or “Inc.” behind your company name. But there are differences that could make one or the other the better choice for you.

I can’t emphasize enough the importance of knowing the pros and cons of the legal structures available to you before you decide which will serve your business most effectively.

 
The Low-down On LLCs

Many owner-managed businesses opt to form as LLCs.

LLC owners are referred to as “members,” who each own a certain percentage of the business. Single-member LLCs are uncomplicated from a compliance and management standpoint. When you have multiple members, however, you should have an operating agreement that documents who can make decisions and how transferring membership interests should happen if a member leaves, dies, or files bankruptcy. Some states require that the remaining members dissolve the LLC under the circumstance of a member’s leaving, death, or bankruptcy.

From a tax standpoint, you can choose to have your LLC treated in one of two ways.

  • As a pass-through entity, with the profits and losses of your business passed to your LLC members’ personal tax returns. If your business isn’t profitable, that will lower your personal tax obl
  • As an S Corporation, whereby only salaries and wages are subject to self-employment taxes (FICA and Medicare), not company profits taken as distributions to members.

Because there are notably less formation paperwork and compliance requirements with an LLC than there are with a corporation, business owners who want legal protection and tax flexibility without a lot of complexity find the LLC structure an attractive option.

One potential disadvantage of forming an LLC, however, is that you cannot sell stock to raise capital for your business. And if you seek funding from venture capitalists, you may get turned down because many will only invest in corporations.

 
Insight About Incorporating

Whether S Corporation or C Corporation, the owners of corporations are called shareholders. Their percentage of ownership corresponds to their percentage of shares in the business. Unlike with an LLC, it’s typically simple to transfer shares (ownership) from one person to another. That means the business can continue onward when shareholders leave, die, or sell their shares.

S Corporation

With an S Corporation, a business’s income, losses, and deductions pass through to its shareholders. Typically, the shareholders report corporate income on their personal income tax returns.

Unlike LLCs and C Corporations, S Corporations are limited to 100 members/shareholders. So while they can sell stock, their potential to raise capital in that way is somewhat limited.

While S Corporations require more paperwork and ongoing compliance than LLCs, they don’t come with as much formality as C Corporations.

C Corporation

Tax treatment of C Corporations involves what is often called “double taxation.” A C Corp pays corporate income tax on its profits, and then its shareholders pay personal income tax on the profits they receive as dividends.

C Corporations don’t have a limit on the number of shareholders that can invest in them, and they may be more attractive to outside investors.

Because C Corporations operate as separate legal entities from their owners, they provide more personal liability protection than other business structures.

Note that potential drawbacks to incorporating as a C Corporation are the higher formation costs, extra compliance requirements, and additional oversight they are subject to.

 
Do Your Due Diligence, Then Decide.

With both legal and financial aspects of your business affected by your choice of legal structure, make sure you carefully evaluate your options. I encourage you to seek professional expertise and guidance, so you fully understand the advantages and disadvantages of each structure.

In the meantime, you can get off to a great start by using the CorpNet Business Structure Wizard for gaining a better idea of the structure that might work best for you.

                               

Ready For Estimated Tax Payments?

When starting a business, you need to do quite a bit of heavy lifting. Of course, a big part of this is handling the complexities of the US tax system. In fact, one particular area that often trips up entrepreneurs is something called estimated tax payments.

The main reason is that this is quite different from when you have a job. You see, a self-employed person needs to essentially do what an employer does – that is, make ongoing payments to the IRS.

This often comes as a complete surprise to first-time entrepreneurs. After all, when April 15th rolls around, they usually get stuck with fees from the IRS for interest and penalties. But even worse, the overall tax bill can be hefty. As a result, you may have no choice but to take steps to resolve this, such as with an installment agreement (hey, the early days of a startup can be very lean).

So what do you need to know about estimated taxes? First of all, they include not only federal income tax but also the amounts for Social Security and Medicare. You’ll also need to make equal payments according to the following schedule:

April 15 (first quarter)
June 15 (second quarter)
September 15 (third quarter)
January 15 (fourth quarter)

Note: You may also have to pay estimated taxes for the state you are based in and the deadlines could be different (as is the case with California).

OK, there are some exceptions to being required to make estimated tax payments. They include:
• You expect to owe less than $1,000 for the year (whether as an individual, sole proprietor, member of an LLC or S-Corporation)
• You did not have to pay any taxes during the prior year
• You have a corporation where you expect to owe less than $500 for the year
• You are in an area that has suffered a natural disaster

Now, if you do not meet the above, you will need to follow either of these:
• You pay 100% of the tax you paid for last year (the percentage is 110% if your adjusted income is $150,000 or $75,000 if you are married and file separately) or
• You pay 90% of what you will ultimately owe for the current tax year.

And if you have a corporation, the requirement is that you pay the lesser of
• 100% of the tax you paid for the last year or
• 100% of what you will ultimately owe for the current year.

But as should be no surprise, coming up with the amounts can be tricky. In fact, you may ultimately pay way too much, which essentially means you are loaning money to the IRS! Because of this, you may want to use software like TurboTax or get the assistance of a tax professional.

And once you come up with the amount, the process of making the payment is straightforward. You can either file Form 1040-ES or Form 1120-W (for a corporation). But the easiest approach is to use the IRS’s Electronic Federal Tax Payment System.

The good news is that – once you get things setup – the process of handling estimated taxes should be smooth. But of course, the important thing is to make sure you make it a habit.

                               

By | September 20th, 2016|Business Filings, Running A Small Business, Taxes|1 Comment

Why You Need to Incorporate Your Business

When you think about incorporating your business, do you scoff, “Not me. I’m just a one-person/home-based/part-time business—incorporation is for the big guys”? If so, it’s time to rethink your attitude. You see, every small business—no matter how small or informal—needs to be incorporated.

That’s because no matter how small or informal your business is, you could be sued. Suppose your business isn’t doing well, you can’t pay a business debt and the creditor takes you to court to get their money back. Perhaps you are a children’s party planner, a child is injured during a birthday party you organize at a local park, and the parents decide to sue you. Or maybe you own a one-person accounting firm and, after you make a mistake on a client’s taxes that costs them a lot of money, they sue you for the damages.

In any of these cases, unless your business is incorporated, all of your personal assets could be at risk—including your savings, possessions and even your family home. And even if the lawsuit is baseless, you still have the legal costs involved in defending yourself in court.

If you haven’t done anything to determine a legal form for your business, and you are the only person in your business, by default you’re considered a sole proprietor. Even if you have a partner and the two of you have formed a general partnership, your personal assets still are not protected.

Why does incorporating provide so much protection? When you incorporate your business, you are creating a new legal entity that’s separate from its owners. If your corporation owes a debt or if it is sued, the business—not you personally—is liable.

Incorporating has several other advantages:
• It makes it easier to separate your business and personal finances, which has tax advantages.
• It helps you establish a credit score for your business so you don’t have to rely on your personal credit score.
• If you think you might ever need to get a business loan or look for investors to help finance your business, being incorporated will help there, too.
• Being able to put “Inc.” or “LLC” after your business name just looks more professional, which can make customers and clients feel more confident doing business with you.

There are several different forms your business can take when incorporating: a C corporation, an S corporation, or an LLC (limited liability company). Here’s a quick overview of the differences:
• C corporation: A C corporation pays federal income taxes. However, any dividends paid to the owner (or other shareholders) are also taxed. This is sometimes called “double taxation,” and the S corporation form was created to help avoid it.
• S corporation: An S corporation doesn’t pay federal income taxes. Any income or financial losses pass through to the owner and get reported on his or her personal tax returns.
• LLC: Limited Liability Companies have a more flexible management structure than C or S corporations, while still protecting your personal assets. Any profits or losses from the business will be reported on your personal tax return.

There are some costs associated with incorporation, as well as some paperwork you’ll need to complete every year. However, when you consider the risk to your personal finances that could arise from not incorporating, the cost is well worth it.

Find out more about corporation business structures.

To take advantage of all these perks, incorporate your business with CorpNet today! Call us for a

                               

Got Hit Hard By Taxes This Year? It’s Time To Change Your Legal Structure For Tax Year 2016

BizStructure_changeEven though the agony of filing your income taxes is done for 2015, you might still be feeling the pain if your tax liability put a hurting on your bank account.

And you might be wondering how to avoid a hit like that in the future.

Maybe It’s Time To Change Your Business Legal Structure

If you’re self-employed and operating as a sole proprietor, I suggest exploring if a change in legal structure might provide some tax relief for your business.

Sole proprietors can rack up an exceptionally hefty tax bill because they’re required to pay self-employment (Social Security/Medicare) taxes in addition to their federal, state, and local income taxes. By transitioning to an S Corporation status, you might reduce your self-employment taxes. When operating as an S Corporation, you’re allowed to split your profits into two distinct payment types:

  • Your salary
  • S Corp distributions.

You pay the 15.3 percent Social Security/Medicare tax only on the salary portion of your revenue.

So, if your company made $100,000 in profit and you paid yourself $50,000 in salary and the other $50,000 in distributions, the 15.3 percent self-employment tax would apply to only the first $50,000.

Pretty sweet, right?

But don’t get carried away and think you can pay yourself something ridiculous like $5,000 in salary and $95,000 in distribution. The IRS pays attention and will take notice if any shareholder who is employed by the business isn’t receiving a “reasonable compensation” as their salary. Be sure you’re paying yourself the market rate for services you provide to your S Corporation—it’s far better to do it right from the start than to have to explain yourself and risk repercussions later.

When’s The Best Time To Make The Change?

The tax benefits you might receive by changing your business structure will begin upon the date you incorporated. They are not applied retroactively, so the earlier in the year you change your structure the more of your business income will be subject to the advantages. For instance, if your corporation receives a filing date of May 1, 2016, you’ll still need to file your taxes as a sole proprietor from January 1 up until that date. From May 1 through December 31, 2016, you’ll file your taxes as a corporation for the remainder of the year.

Beyond The Tax Benefits

Besides the potential tax benefits, changing from a sole proprietorship to an S Corp (or LLC or C Corp) also helps protect your personal assets because your business becomes a separate legal entity. This means your company (and not you personally) is responsible for all of its liabilities and debts.

Is A Change In Legal Structure Right For You?

Every business has its own unique financial situation, so there’s no definitive answer whether a change in legal structure will benefit you. To make sure you’re making an informed, educated decision, I recommend consulting with a tax advisor or CPA to discuss your specific circumstances.

Have you already made the decision to change your business legal structure? Give us call call today for a free business consultation and we can help get the process started for you! 888.449.2638

Image: Adobe Stock

Articles of Organization: Does Your S Corp Need One?

unsure young woman scratching her headIf you’ve spent any time on this blog or researching how to incorporate your business online, you’ve probably found some terms you weren’t really clear on and had questions. What’s the difference between an LLC and a corporation? What paperwork do I need to file annually? What are Articles of Organization, and do I need them?

Let’s address that last question and talk about Articles of Organization.

First, the LLC vs Corporation Discussion

While ultimately, the LLC and corporation are different, they both provide similar protection and tax benefits. Also, when you either form an LLC or a corporation, there are a lot of similarities in the processes. For both, you have to fill out an application and submit a fee (though the paperwork varies slightly and the fees may be different from one another).

That paperwork is either called Articles of Incorporation (for…you guessed it! Corporations) or Articles of Organization (for LLCs). They serve the same purpose, but don’t really cross streams.

So, to answer your question: you only need to fill out and submit Articles of Organization if you plan to file as an LLC. If you are incorporating as an S Corp (or any other type of corporation) you do not need to fill out Articles of Organization. Continue reading “Articles of Organization: Does Your S Corp Need One?” »

By | November 11th, 2015|Business Filings|0 Comments

Tax Benefits of the LLC vs. the S Corporation

112_2712606If your small business is thriving, you’re probably wincing come tax time. Did you know you can reap many tax benefits if you set up your business as either an LLC or an S Corporation? Read on to find out what these benefits are, and how you can take advantage of them.

Benefits of the S Corp

One of the big reasons people decide to incorporate is that doing so protects their personal assets from liability. That means the company — rather than you as an individual — is responsible for liabilities brought against it through legal action.

Operating as a corporation — specifically an S Corp — helps you “pass through” losses to individuals on tax forms. So you as the owner can claim your corporation’s expenses to offset your income and reduce your tax liability while avoiding double taxation. Continue reading “Tax Benefits of the LLC vs. the S Corporation” »

By | May 27th, 2013|Choosing A Business Structure|0 Comments